Figure 1-3. Fuze for parachute aircraft flare Mk 45 Mod 0 with adapter.
primer initiates the ignition pellet which ignites the
(1) When the flare is launched, the internal
disconnect is pulled from the fuze, allowing the spring-
loaded striker to initiate the primer in the base of the
(3) Near the end of its burning time, the heat
plunger. The primer ignites the 2-second delay element
of the candle initiates the explosive bolt, which
and drives the plunger into the fuse cord. The delay
fragments. This releases many of the shroud lines,
element ignites black powder in the plunger. The
collapsing the parachute and allowing the burned-out
burning powder ignites the fuse cord, which ignites the
flare to fall rapidly to the ground.
ejection charge, exerting sufficient pressure against the
gas check to blow off the end cap and eject the
1-6. Dispenser, Flare: XM19
parachute and candle assemblies.
a. General. The flare dispenser XM19 is intended
(2) The drogue chute deploys and separates
to facilitate the launching of parachute aircraft flares
the main parachute from its deployment bag. When the
from helicopters. It is installed inside the helicopter,
main parachute opens, it exerts a pull on the cables of
serves as a storage rack, and is equipped with a gas-
the suspension/ignition system. The shorter of the
operated mechanism which, in time of emergency,
cables pulls a release pin from the igniter assembly.
permits jettison of the dispenser assembly, including
This cocks and releases the firing pin so that it strikes
flare load, from the helicopter. The flare dispenser
the primer in the suspension/ignition assembly. The
XM19 is restricted to use with the parachute aircraft flare